OBSERVATIONS ON COLLECTING SCALE INSECTS (HEMIPTERA: COCCOIDEA)

F. Kozar, D.R. Miller, D.R. Miller

Abstract


OBSERVATIONS ON COLLECTING SCALE INSECTS (HEMIPTERA: COCCOIDEA).

Scale insects have been primarily collected visually. Because scales are usually firmly attached to the host substrate, most mass-collecting techniques are ineffective. This paper provides information on the use of Berlese funnels, DVAC suction, pit-fall traps, sweeping, beating and screening for collecting scale insects and provides observations on how these methods compare with visual collecting methods.

Key words: collecting methods, visual methods, pheromone traps, suction traps, lights, vicarious collecting, herbaria specimens, Margarodidae, Ortheziidae, Pseudococcidae, Eriococcidae, Hungary, Africa.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15162/0425-1016/842

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ISSN: 0425-1016